The work capacity curve
In our last post we discussed how work output is estimated. Today we will discuss the work capacity chart. Recall that looking at work output vs. time provides the first key step of our analysis for determining your ability to do work over broad time and model domains. But with the large amount of variability among workouts, it can be challenging to gauge what your expected work output should be for specific time and/or modal domains.
This got us thinking…why not use a model that is physically representative of work output intensity over time to estimate expected work? There are a couple of criteria for this model:
- It should stay true to the athlete’s data
- Given that the level of exertion in a 20-minute workout is going to be less than in a 5-minute workout, the rate at which work output increases over time should begin to slow or plateau. To see exactly what we mean, take a look at the familiar work capacity graph below.
The blue line shows a strictly increasing trend in work output… chances are, unless you’re Chuck Norris or on bath salts this model is going to overestimate your physical capabilities. The red line shows our model which we believe is a more accurate reflection of what happens in practice, i.e. as you move into longer time domains the rate of work output begins to slow.
Expected work output range
Variation in work output is not surprising given that different movements will cause your muscles to fatigue at different rates. For example, handstand push-ups will lead to more rapid muscle fatigue and subsequent failure than bodyweight squats, the result of which is lower rep count and therefore less overall work. To illustrate let’s compare Mary and Cindy, again using your friendly neighborhood statistician (aka, myself) at 6’1” and 215 lbs.
Mary = 20-minute AMRAP (as many rounds as possible); 1 round = 5 handstand push-ups, 10 alternating single-leg squats, 15 pull-ups
Work Estimate (per movement):
1 hand stand push-up = 300 ft-lbs x 5 = 1,500 ft-lbs
1 alternating single-leg squat (aka pistols) = 400 ft-lbs x 10 = 4,000 ft-lbs
1 pull-up = 575 ft-lbs x 15 = 8,635 ft-lbs
1 round of Mary = 14,135 ft-lbs
My PR for Mary is around 15 or 16 rounds making the total work for Mary fall between 212,025 and 226,160 ft-lbs.
By comparison, Cindy = 20-minute AMRAP; 1 round = 5 pull-ups, 10 push-ups, 15 squats. If you remember from my last post, the total work estimate for Cindy was 325,350 ft-lbs.
From this example we can see that even though the two workouts take the same amount of time, the total work output is considerably different. Intuitively this makes sense since handstand push-ups, pistols and the volume of pull-ups will tend to result in increased muscle fatigue, lower rep count, and therefore less work.
For this reason, it’s helpful to determine a reasonable range of work output over time, which corresponds to the blue shaded region on the work capacity chart. The blue region captures the expected variability of your workout data (yellow points) above and below the work capacity curve (this is called a “prediction interval”). Points falling inside the shaded region are within your expected average range for work output. Points falling above are outperforming your average and points falling below are underperforming.
In the near future we’ll have an additional feature added to the analytics page providing summaries and analyses of workouts falling within, above, and below the shaded region. This wraps up our summary of the work capacity curve, in our next post we’ll talk about the fitness score.
Keep training smart!!!
(Mmmm… bacon flowers)